Increasing the Limits of PHP-FPM

It’s important to know how to increase the limits for php-fpm www pools, or any other named alias pools you might have setup.

You might see an error like

tail -f /var/log/php7.1-fpm.log
[24-Apr-2017 11:23:09] WARNING: [pool www] seems busy (you may need to increase pm.start_servers, or pm.min/max_spare_servers), spawning 8 children, there are 0 idle, and 11 total

or

[24-Apr-2017 10:51:38] WARNING: [pool www] server reached pm.max_children setting (5), consider raising it

The solution is quite simple, we just need to go in and edit the php fpm configuration on the server and increase these values to safe ones that is supported by available RAM.

pm.max_children = 15

; The number of child processes created on startup.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Default Value: min_spare_servers + (max_spare_servers - min_spare_servers) / 2
pm.start_servers = 2

; The desired minimum number of idle server processes.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
pm.min_spare_servers = 1

; The desired maximum number of idle server processes.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
pm.max_spare_servers = 8

Then monitor the site with

tail -f /var/log/php7.1-fpm.log

To ensure no further limits are being hit.

Obviously if you are using different version of fpm your log location might be different.

Finding all of the php.ini Files and finding what the memory_limit in them is

Simple as it says.

root@aea-php-slave:~# grep -rnw '/etc' -e 'memory_limit'
/etc/php/5.6/cli/php.ini:393:memory_limit = -1
/etc/php/5.6/apache2/php.ini:393:memory_limit = 128M
/etc/php5/fpm/php.ini:406:memory_limit = 128M
/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf.disabled:392:;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M
/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/site.conf:392:;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M
/etc/php5/cli/php.ini:406:memory_limit = -1
/etc/php5/apache2/php.ini:406:memory_limit = 128M

p

Plesk website running FastCGI Timeout Gateway Errors and Slow Loads

So my friend Paul shown me how to troubleshoot fastCGI on plesk boxes, very easy..

# pstree | grep cgi
     |       `-httpd---20*[php-cgi]

We can see that 20 php-cgi processes run. If we check the maximum in the configuration file set for fastCGI of Apache2..

# cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/fcgid.conf  | grep MaxProc
  FcgidMaxProcesses 20

We see 20 is the maximum, so it’s definitely hitting the FastCGI limit, we need to increase the limits, so we just edit the file and increase the limits for that variable;

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/fcgid.conf

echo "FcgidMaxProcesses 50" >> /etc/httpd/conf.d/fcgid.conf

Setting a seperate memory limit for PhpMyAdmin to the rest of the sites

A common issue I see Rackspace customers with is there PhpMyAdmin not having enough memory, often I ‘ll see countless tickets where the memory_limit is increased for phpmyadmin, and when one of their virtualhosts falls over, it is then decreased for all of the sites, until someone wants to use phpmyadmin again.

not very good really is it? Actually, fixing this is quite easy. Lets provide a php.ini for phpmyadmin that only phpmyadmin uses;


# Copy original php configuration
cp /etc/php.ini /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/php.ini

# Modify /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/php.ini so that the following variable is set as a higher value
memory_limit = 256M

Naturally if you now goto the customerwebsite.com/phpmyadmin/php.ini you’ll see a nice php file waiting for you… not good… we need to protect the php.ini file as it can expose stuff we don’t want to be seen; lets make it as hard to find out the server configuration and hide php.ini altogether.

# File to edit may differ but it can be any file inside conf.d make one if you like call it phpini.conf or something
vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf
<Files php.ini>
          Order allow,deny
          Deny from all
</Files>

Dont’t forget the most important step

# Check apache syntax
apachectl -t

# Restart the apache process
apachectl graceful

Another pretty simples thing to do. That isn’t pretty simple until you do it.

PHP5 newrelic agent not collecting data

So today I had a newrelic customer who was having issues after installing the newrelic php plugin. He couldn’t understand why it wasn’t collecting data. For it to collecting data you need to make sure newrelic-daemon process is running by using ps auxfwww | grep newrelic-daemon.

We check the process of the daemon is running

[root@rtd-production-1 ~]# ps -ef | grep newrelic-daemon
root     26007 18914  0 09:59 pts/0    00:00:00 grep newrelic-daemon

We check the status of the daemon process

[root@rtd-production-1 ~]# service newrelic-daemon status
newrelic-daemon is stopped...

Copy basic NewRelic configuration template to correct location

[root@rtd-production-1 ~]# cp /etc/newrelic/newrelic.cfg.template /etc/newrelic/newrelic.cfg

Start the daemon

[root@rtd-production-1 ~]# service newrelic-daemon start
Starting newrelic-daemon:                                  [  OK  ]

Installing Ioncube Zend Extension for PHP

A lot of customers note that sometimes, the exact version of ioncube is not available for their specific version of PHP in their repository for their OS.

This isn’t really a big deal, and is actually something that can be manually installed.

cd ~
_php=$(php -r "echo PHP_MAJOR_VERSION.'.'.PHP_MINOR_VERSION;"); echo $_php
wget http://downloads3.ioncube.com/loader_downloads/ioncube_loaders_lin_x86-64.tar.gz
tar -zxf ioncube_loaders_lin_x86-64.tar.gz ioncube/ioncube_loader_lin_$_php.so
chown -R root. ioncube
\mv ioncube/ioncube_loader_lin_$_php.so /usr/lib64/php/modules/
echo "zend_extension=/usr/lib64/php/modules/ioncube_loader_lin_$_php.so" > /etc/php.d/01a-ioncube-loader.ini 

Thanks to Alex Drapkin for this.

Converting a Website from mod_php 5.6.29 to php56u-fpm-httpd

So a customer wanted us to convert their PHP site to use the php-fpm. The reason was, that php-fpm can run as it’s own user and group, and isn’t limited in it’s execution in the same way that apache is on the filesystem with the regular version of php.

This is how I achieved it.

yum install php-fpm.x86_64 php56u-fpm-httpd.noarch

# for some reason if you get a weird error install them seperately
yum install php-fpm.x86_64 
yum install php56u-fpm-httpd.noarch

Then you will need to run the following:

systemctl enable php-fpm
systemctl enable httpd

systemctl start php-fpm
# check the status
systemctl status php-fpm

If necessary like it was for me change /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf to reflect the following

listen = /var/run/php-fpm/default.sock
	listen.owner = apache
	listen.group = apache
	listen.mode = 0660

# Also make sure you set the correct execution group, the listen socket perms are different
# as I have found out from experience

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;       will be used.
user = sftpusercangohere
group = apache

If necessary, you will want to use a Custom user/group for php-fpm. This is one of the advantages of using FPM.

Also, you can use EVENT MPM instead of PREFORK MPM, it’s more efficient with fpm, and certainly worth considering. This step is optional, and not required for fpm to work

# Comment out this line
#LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so

#Uncomment the following
LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so

Edit your httpd.conf file in /etc/htpd/conf.d/* or /etc/httpd/httpd.conf and ensure in side the Virtualhost directive you have the following set:

 ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/var/www/vhosts/yourwebsite.com/html/$1

Where html is the documentroot of the site.

This article is kind of complete but still a bit drafty.

Upgrading PHP 5.3.29 to PHP 7 on Centos 6.8 Using Rackspace IUS Repo

These instructions only apply in specific cases. Specifically CentOS machines, running in the Rackspace Cloud, IUS the Rackspace provided repo, provides several things not usually available within the CentOS repo, without you manually compiling more recent versions. One of them is the latest version of PHP7.0 and PHP7.1.

I wanted to quickly document the process, since it is a relatively simple process, and, can actually be done without any maintenance window, if you know what your doing, with very minimal, (if any) disruption to running sites. an apachectl graceful, actually, should be enough. Since apachectl gracefully restarts apache httpd, the downtime you’ll see will be super minimal. Expect nobody to notice you upgraded to PHP7 if you do this right.

If you do this incorrectly, you will break the PHP installation, and worse, break all of the sites using mod_php. Lets take a look at the steps:

Step 1. Check available PHP modules provided by presently configured REPO

root@server3 ~]# yum search php7
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, versionlock
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
drivesrvr                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              | 2.2 kB     00:00
============================================================================================================================= N/S Matched: php7 ==============================================================================================================================
php70u-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u
php70u-ioncube-loader-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-ioncube-loader
php70u-pecl-amqp-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-amqp
php70u-pecl-apcu-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-apcu
php70u-pecl-igbinary-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-igbinary
php70u-pecl-imagick-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-imagick
php70u-pecl-redis-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-redis
php70u-pecl-smbclient-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-smbclient
php70u-pecl-xdebug-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php70u-pecl-xdebug
php71u-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php71u
php71u-pecl-apcu-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php71u-pecl-apcu
php71u-pecl-igbinary-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php71u-pecl-igbinary
php71u-pecl-redis-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php71u-pecl-redis
php71u-pecl-xdebug-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package php71u-pecl-xdebug
sclo-php70-php-pecl-propro-devel.x86_64 : sclo-php70-php-pecl-propro developer files (header)
sclo-php70-php-pecl-raphf-devel.x86_64 : sclo-php70-php-pecl-raphf developer files (header)
uwsgi-plugin-php70u-debuginfo.x86_64 : Debug information for package uwsgi-plugin-php70u
mod_php70u.x86_64 : PHP module for the Apache HTTP Server
mod_php71u.x86_64 : PHP module for the Apache HTTP Server
php70u-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library
php70u-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP
php70u-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP
php70u-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications
php70u-dbg.x86_64 : The interactive PHP debugger
php70u-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions
php70u-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications
php70u-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications
php70u-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager
php70u-fpm-httpd.noarch : Apache HTTP Server configuration for PHP-FPM
php70u-fpm-nginx.noarch : Nginx configuration for PHP-FPM
php70u-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
php70u-gmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the GNU MP library
php70u-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP
php70u-interbase.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use Interbase/Firebird databases
php70u-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications
php70u-ioncube-loader.x86_64 : IonCube Loader provides PHP Modules to read IonCube Encoded Files
php70u-json.x86_64 : JavaScript Object Notation extension for PHP
php70u-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP
php70u-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling
php70u-mcrypt.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides mcrypt library support
php70u-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php70u-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases
php70u-opcache.x86_64 : The Zend OPcache
php70u-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
php70u-pdo-dblib.x86_64 : PDO driver Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase databases
php70u-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework
php70u-pecl-amqp.x86_64 : Communicate with any AMQP compliant server
php70u-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APC User Cache
php70u-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)
php70u-pecl-apcu-panel.noarch : APCu control panel
php70u-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 : Replacement for the standard PHP serializer
php70u-pecl-igbinary-devel.x86_64 : Igbinary developer files (header)
php70u-pecl-imagick.x86_64 : Provides a wrapper to the ImageMagick library
php70u-pecl-redis.x86_64 : Extension for communicating with the Redis key-value store
php70u-pecl-smbclient.x86_64 : PHP wrapper for libsmbclient
php70u-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts
php70u-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
php70u-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces
php70u-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces
php70u-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
php70u-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices
php70u-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol
php70u-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support
php70u-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML
php70u-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol
php71u-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library
php71u-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP
php71u-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP
php71u-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications
php71u-dbg.x86_64 : The interactive PHP debugger
php71u-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions
php71u-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications
php71u-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications
php71u-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager
php71u-fpm-httpd.noarch : Apache HTTP Server configuration for PHP-FPM
php71u-fpm-nginx.noarch : Nginx configuration for PHP-FPM
php71u-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
php71u-gmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the GNU MP library
php71u-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP
php71u-interbase.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use Interbase/Firebird databases
php71u-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications
php71u-json.x86_64 : JavaScript Object Notation extension for PHP
php71u-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP
php71u-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling
php71u-mcrypt.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides mcrypt library support
php71u-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php71u-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases
php71u-opcache.x86_64 : The Zend OPcache
php71u-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
php71u-pdo-dblib.x86_64 : PDO driver Microsoft SQL Server and Sybase databases
php71u-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APC User Cache
php71u-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)
php71u-pecl-apcu-panel.noarch : APCu control panel
php71u-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 : Replacement for the standard PHP serializer
php71u-pecl-igbinary-devel.x86_64 : Igbinary developer files (header)
php71u-pecl-redis.x86_64 : Extension for communicating with the Redis key-value store
php71u-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts
php71u-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
php71u-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces
php71u-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces
php71u-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
php71u-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices
php71u-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol
php71u-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support
php71u-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML
php71u-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol
sclo-php70-php-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APC User Cache
sclo-php70-php-pecl-apcu-bc.x86_64 : APCu Backwards Compatibility Module
sclo-php70-php-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)
sclo-php70-php-pecl-apfd.x86_64 : Always Populate Form Data
sclo-php70-php-pecl-http.x86_64 : Extended HTTP support
sclo-php70-php-pecl-http-devel.x86_64 : Extended HTTP support developer files (header)
sclo-php70-php-pecl-lzf.x86_64 : Extension to handle LZF de/compression
sclo-php70-php-pecl-mongodb.x86_64 : MongoDB driver for PHP
sclo-php70-php-pecl-propro.x86_64 : Property proxy
sclo-php70-php-pecl-raphf.x86_64 : Resource and persistent handles factory
sclo-php70-php-pecl-selinux.x86_64 : SELinux binding for PHP scripting language
sclo-php70-php-pecl-solr2.x86_64 : Object oriented API to Apache Solr
sclo-php70-php-pecl-uploadprogress.x86_64 : An extension to track progress of a file upload
sclo-php70-php-pecl-uuid.x86_64 : Universally Unique Identifier extension for PHP
sclo-php70-php-pecl-xattr.x86_64 : Extended attributes
sclo-php70-php-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts
uwsgi-plugin-php70u.x86_64 : uWSGI - Plugin for PHP support

  Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.

As we can see php7 is there. Great. But what about the php packages they have already? That’s coming up next.

Step 2. Check presence of plugin replace, we’ll use this to upgrade to mod_php70 once we’re ready

# Locate plugin replace is available
yum search yum-plugin-replace
# Install yum plugin replace if available (otherwise this will not work for you as easily)
yum install yum-plugin-replace

Step 3. Run a mock yum replace

# yum replace php53u --replace-with mod_php70u.x86_64
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, replace, versionlock
Replacing packages takes time, please be patient...
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
drivesrvr                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              | 2.2 kB     00:00
Error: No Package Matching mod_php70u.x86_64
[root@server3 ~]# yum replace php53u --replace-with mod_php70u
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, replace, versionlock
Replacing packages takes time, please be patient...
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
drivesrvr                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              | 2.2 kB     00:00

WARNING: Unable to resolve all providers: ['config(php53u-common)', 'curl.so()(64bit)', 'fileinfo.so()(64bit)', 'json.so()(64bit)', 'phar.so()(64bit)', 'php-api', 'php-pecl(Fileinfo)', 'php-pecl(phar)', 'php-pecl(zip)', 'php-pecl-Fileinfo', 'php-pecl-phar', 'php-pecl-zip', 'php-zend-abi', 'php53(api)', 'php53(language)', 'php53(zend-abi)', 'php53-api', 'php53-bz2', 'php53-calendar', 'php53-common', 'php53-ctype', 'php53-curl', 'php53-date', 'php53-exif', 'php53-filter', 'php53-ftp', 'php53-gettext', 'php53-gmp', 'php53-hash', 'php53-iconv', 'php53-json', 'php53-libxml', 'php53-openssl', 'php53-pcre', 'php53-pecl(Fileinfo)', 'php53-pecl(json)', 'php53-pecl(phar)', 'php53-pecl(zip)', 'php53-pecl-Fileinfo', 'php53-pecl-json', 'php53-pecl-phar', 'php53-pecl-zip', 'php53-posix', 'php53-reflection', 'php53-session', 'php53-shmop', 'php53-simplexml', 'php53-sockets', 'php53-spl', 'php53-sqlite3', 'php53-sysvmsg', 'php53-sysvsem', 'php53-sysvshm', 'php53-tokenizer', 'php53-wddx', 'php53-zend-abi', 'php53-zip', 'php53-zlib', 'php53u(api)', 'php53u(language)', 'php53u(zend-abi)', 'php53u-api', 'php53u-bz2', 'php53u-calendar', 'php53u-ctype', 'php53u-curl', 'php53u-date', 'php53u-exif', 'php53u-fileinfo', 'php53u-filter', 'php53u-ftp', 'php53u-gettext', 'php53u-gmp', 'php53u-hash', 'php53u-iconv', 'php53u-json', 'php53u-libxml', 'php53u-openssl', 'php53u-pcre', 'php53u-pecl(Fileinfo)', 'php53u-pecl(json)', 'php53u-pecl(phar)', 'php53u-pecl(zip)', 'php53u-pecl-Fileinfo', 'php53u-pecl-json', 'php53u-pecl-phar', 'php53u-pecl-zip', 'php53u-posix', 'php53u-reflection', 'php53u-session', 'php53u-shmop', 'php53u-simplexml', 'php53u-sockets', 'php53u-spl', 'php53u-sqlite3', 'php53u-sysvmsg', 'php53u-sysvsem', 'php53u-sysvshm', 'php53u-tokenizer', 'php53u-wddx', 'php53u-zend-abi', 'php53u-zip', 'php53u-zlib', 'zip.so()(64bit)', 'php53u-common', 'php53u-common(x86-64)', 'php53-cgi', 'php53-cli', 'php53-pcntl', 'php53-readline', 'php53u-cgi', 'php53u-pcntl', 'php53u-readline', 'php53u-cli', 'php53u-cli(x86-64)', 'config(php53u-pdo)', 'pdo.so()(64bit)', 'pdo_sqlite.so()(64bit)', 'php53-pdo', 'php53-pdo-abi', 'php53-pdo_sqlite', 'php53u-pdo-abi', 'php53u-pdo', 'php53u-pdo(x86-64)', 'config(php53u-mysql)', 'mysql.so()(64bit)', 'mysqli.so()(64bit)', 'pdo_mysql.so()(64bit)', 'php-mysql', 'php53-mysql', 'php53-mysqli', 'php53u-mysqli', 'php53u-mysql', 'php53u-mysql(x86-64)', 'config(php53u)', 'libphp5.so()(64bit)', 'mod_php53u', 'php53', 'php53u', 'php53u(x86-64)', 'libphp5.so()(64bit)', 'php53-zts', 'php53u-zts', 'php53u-zts(x86-64)']

This may be normal depending on the package.  Continue? [y/N] y
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mod_php70u.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php53u.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-cli.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-common.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-mysql.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-pdo.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-pear.noarch 1:1.9.4-3.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php53u-zts.x86_64 0:5.3.29-1.ius.centos6 will be erased
---> Package php70u-cli.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-common.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-gmp.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-json.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-mysqlnd.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-pdo.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-pear.noarch 1:1.10.1-2.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-process.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
---> Package php70u-xml.x86_64 0:7.0.14-3.ius.centos6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                                             Arch                                                        Version                                                                      Repository                                                 Size
==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mod_php70u                                                          x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       2.7 M
 php70u-cli                                                          x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       4.0 M
 php70u-common                                                       x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       1.1 M
 php70u-gmp                                                          x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                        65 k
 php70u-json                                                         x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                        62 k
 php70u-mysqlnd                                                      x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       221 k
 php70u-pdo                                                          x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       115 k
 php70u-pear                                                         noarch                                                      1:1.10.1-2.ius.centos6                                                       ius                                                       362 k
 php70u-process                                                      x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                        72 k
 php70u-xml                                                          x86_64                                                      7.0.14-3.ius.centos6                                                         ius                                                       183 k
Removing:
 php53u                                                              x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      4.4 M
 php53u-cli                                                          x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      7.9 M
 php53u-common                                                       x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      3.4 M
 php53u-mysql                                                        x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      219 k
 php53u-pdo                                                          x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      126 k
 php53u-pear                                                         noarch                                                      1:1.9.4-3.ius.centos6                                                        @ius                                                      2.2 M
 php53u-zts                                                          x86_64                                                      5.3.29-1.ius.centos6                                                         @ius                                                      4.6 M

Transaction Summary
==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install      10 Package(s)
Remove        7 Package(s)

Total download size: 8.8 M
Is this ok [y/N]: N
Exiting on user Command
Your transaction was saved, rerun it with:
 yum load-transaction /tmp/yum_save_tx-2017-01-13-10-57L3T7JK.yumtx
You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root

Naturally, if you are satisfied that you do not need php53u-zts, the only php module which is not supported by PHP7, then you can proceed.

If you are wondering what ZTS is, The php-zts package contains a module for use with the Apache HTTP
Server which can operate under a threaded server processing model. (source pbone.net CentOS REPO)

ZTS is not required for MPM prefork, and is generally only used with MPM worker, afaik. So as long as your using prefork apache httpd your fine;

# apachectl -l
Compiled in modules:
  core.c
  prefork.c
  http_core.c
  mod_so.c

In our case prefork is being used, not worker. So I don’t think ZTS being missing is going to affect us. So we can proceed with typing ‘y’.

And’ thats pretty much how you upgrade to php7, it’s really easy with Rackspace IUS.

Securing your WordPress with chmod 644 and chmod 755 the easy (but pro) way

Let’s say we have a document root like:

It’s interesting to note the instructions for this will vary from environment to environment, it depends on which user is looking after apache2, etc.

/var/www/mysite.com/htdocs

Make all files read/write and owned by www-data apache2 user only

root@meine:/var/www/mysite.com/htdocs# find . -type f -exec chown apache2:apache2 {} \; 
root@meine:/var/www/mysite.com/htdocs# find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

Make all folders accessible Read + Execute, but no write permissions

root@meine:/var/www/mysite.com/htdocs# find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;
root@meine:/var/www/mysite.com/htdocs# find . -type d -exec chown apache2:apache2 {} \;

PLEASE NOTE THIS BREAKS YOUR WORDPRESS ABILITY TO AUTO-UPDATE ITSELF. BUT IT IS MORE SECURE 😀

Note debian users, may need to use www-data:www-data instead.

Creating Cloud Servers using php-OpenCloud & PHP

So, I thought after doing such a good job with Python that I would take my trouble to PHP. In this case I was running PHP at the commandline, but there is no reason you can’t use these in your web application. That’s one good thing about PHP, right there. It may be the only thing, but, it’s there!

Step 1. Setup php-opencloud and php and composer

yum install php-opencloud php composer

Step 2. Setup composer requirement for php-opencloud (this is what is required for the vendor/autoloader.php file)

composer require rackspace/php-opencloud

Step 3. Configure opencloud


require 'vendor/autoload.php';

use OpenCloud\Rackspace;

Step 4. Configure Authorisation Section, including my username, apikey and REGION ‘LON’. For Dallas Forth Worth this would be DFW, etc.

# Authentication

$client = new Rackspace(Rackspace::US_IDENTITY_ENDPOINT, array(
    'username' => 'myusername',
    'apiKey'   => '90ghaj4532asdsFgsdrghdi9832'
));

$service = $client->computeService(null, 'LON');

Step 5. Set Image to use to create server

$image = $service->image('d5bb9732-6468-4963-85b7-b6d1025cd0c7');

Step 6. Set Flavor to use to create server

$flavor = $service->flavor('general1-1');

Step 7. Proceed with server build

$server = $service->server();

$response = $server->create(array(
        'name'          =>      'Mein New Test Serven',
        'imageId'       =>      $image->getId(),
        'flavorId'      =>      $flavor->getId()
));
?>

Step 8. The completed php file will look something like :

?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';

use OpenCloud\Rackspace;

# Authentication

$client = new Rackspace(Rackspace::US_IDENTITY_ENDPOINT, array(
'username' => 'myusername',
'apiKey' => '90ghaj4532asdsFgsdrghdi9832'
));

$service = $client->computeService(null, 'LON');
#
# Cloud Image
$image = $service->image('d5bb9732-6468-4963-85b7-b6d1025cd0c7');
#
# Cloud Server Flavor
$flavor = $service->flavor('general1-1');

# Proceed with Server Build

$server = $service->server();

$response = $server->create(array(
'name' => 'Mein New Test Serven',
'imageId' => $image->getId(),
'flavorId' => $flavor->getId()
));

?>